Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domestic species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. The Study of agriculture is known as agriculture science. Agriculture is a broad multidisciplinary field of biology that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economy and social science that are used in the practice and understanding of agriculture.
Medical plants,are also known as medicinalherbs,have been discovered and used in traditional medicine practices since prehistoric times. Plants Synthesis hundreds of chemical compounds for the benefits of humans.
Animals are multicellular eukaryotic, organisms that form the biological kingdom Animalia. With few exceptions, animals consume organic material, breathe oxygen are able to move, reproduce sexually and grow from a hollow sphere of cells, the blastula during embryonic development.
Plants are mainly multicellular predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae.
India ranks second in worldwide in farm output, agriculture and allied sectors like forestry and fisheries. The economic contribution of agriculture to India’s GDP is steadily declining with the country’s broad-based economic growth. Still, agriculture is demographically the broadest economic sector and plays a significant role in the overall socio-economic fabric of India.
India is the seventh largest agricultural exporter worldwide. Indian agricultural/horticultural and processed foods are exported to more than 120 countries, primarily in the Middle East, Southeast Asia, SAARC countries and EU in the United States.
India is the world’ssecond-largest producer of several dry fruits,agriculturally based textiles,raw materials, roots and tuber crops, pulses, farmed fish, egg, coconut, sugarcane and numerous vegetables